The Red Sulphur شرح كتاب الكبريت الأحمر

Bismillahir Rahmaanir Raheem, Allahummasolli wa sallim ‘ala Sayidina Muhammadin wa ‘ala alihi wa sohbih…

The following is a rough transcript of the Commentary of the Book the Red Sulphur of Imam ‘Abdullah al-‘Aydarus by Habib ‘Umar Bin Muhammad bin Salim bin Hafiz.

Allah created all existent things, physical, spiritual and intermediary and from the most wondrous of things that Allah created was minds or intellects. These are Lordly, subtle realities which Allah s.w.t crowned the possessors with. Intellects/Minds/Hearts/Souls are the seats of comprehension, the place where Divine address is directed, the seat of punishment or reward. (I recall here the hadith which states that the heart that truly contemplates the Qur’an will not be punished -ad-Darimi). The station of the religion is in accordance of the heart’s opening to the truth.

The heart is the device by which spiritual allusions or ‘ishara are understood and by which people move from the outward to the inward from the form to the meaning.

The elect among men are the scholars or ‘ulama and the elect from the ‘ulama are the arifun -billah/the gnostics/the knowers of Allah ta’ala. The elect among the gnostics are the “ulul-albab” or those who are firmly grounded to understand the ‘ishara ruhaniyah or the spiritual allusions (many of which are found in the Qur’an). We can understand many verses and sayings and ponder upon them until we reach their realities. However, (they are just soldiers who assist us in reaching the Supreme Reality) the Greatest Reality that we can perceive is Allah s.w.t. the Creator (ma’rifah). He Created in the realms of forms great proofs and signs of His Magnificence and Greatness.

He Created forms/figures and all existent things. Those physical, spiritual, intermediary, those which can move on their own accord such as animals but without the spirit with the aptitude to know Allah s.w.t. The most noble of stations that Allah created that of Angels and they are entirely spiritual. He created thereafter those in the lowest of stations the animals/beasts and He made mankind in the middle of these stations combining spirit and body.

Man has the aptitude to become attached to Allah s.w.t. and comprehend His Magnificence and the Realities of Tasbih, Tahmid, Tahlil and Ta’zhim and also finding pleasure in these meanings.
Similarly, man can fall to the various types of corruption, vices, evil and vile things. According to his uprightness he can ascend to the height ofthe angels.

Al-Imam ‘Abdullah sent salawat upon the spirit of existent things i.e. the those created forms and spirits. The spirit of existence which is Rasulullah s.a.w.. This can be understood in various ways, first of which, Rasulullah s.a.w. was the cause for which Allah created them, next, through him Allah’s Mercy is brought forth to manifestation and finally “everything being made subservient to man” in general (Quranic verse) can be said to Rasulullah s.a.w. in specific terms.

to be continued….

i seek Allah’s forgiveness for any mistakes in the transcript, to watch the video of the series, pls visit Habib ‘Umar’s website : , this is from the fourth lesson.

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