Al-Faadhil Dr. Afifi Al-Akiti on Bid’ah

Bismillahi wal Hamdulillahi, Al-Khairu wash-Sharru bi mashie-Atillah, Wa Solatu wa salaamu ‘ala Rasulillahi Muhammad ibni ‘Abdillah wa ‘ala aalihi wa man waalah

During a recent conference organized by Sout Ilaahi, Dr. Afifi was asked a question pertaining to the above-mentioned issue. He gave quite a lengthy reply which includes some of the following points (this is from the first part):

(It is highly recommended to listen to the lectures to make better sense of the points highlighted below.)

– Bid’ah or Innovation is not a legal ruling, there are five legal rulings, haram(prohibited), makruh(disliked), mubah(permissible), mandub/sunnah(recommended) and waajib(obligatory)

Bid’ah is general it has no moral connotation (neither positive nor negative), it is rather a basis for a legal ruling (haram, sunnah, makruh etc.)

– The hadith often quoted has ‘am/ general form (because of the word kullu) but it’s meaning is specific/makhusus, specific in terms of bid’ah of aqeedah i.e. creed

– Definition of bid’ah then is ‘anything that is acted upon without a prior example’

– Imam as-Syafi’e r.a. divided bid’ah into two praiseworthy and blameworthy so does Imam an-Nawawi r.a., while Imam Muhammad ‘Abdul ‘Aziz bin ‘Abdul Salam divided into five according to the five legal rulings (ref. Meaning of Bid’ah, al-Sheikh al-Hafiz ‘Abdullah al-Siddiq Al-Ghumari. r.a.)

– Bid’ah hasanah e.g. ‘ilm at-Tajwid which is part of ‘ibadah, quranic recitation

– One should follow the Messenger of Allah s.a.w. not just externally i.e. in letter but internally in spirit as well

– Silence in the law indicates permissibility

– There is a condition for ‘amr ma’ruf nahi munkar , the act has to be a crime that takes place in public live in front of you and the definition for crime/munkar here is ‘an act that it is not subjected to difference in opinion among the ‘ulama. (ghairu masaail khilafiyyah)

Click photo to read his profile in wikipedia

The following is the link to the audio file…(Username:, password: tazkiah*h3 , go to thehiddentreasure folder)
Qn. on Bid’ah 1st part
The second part can be found in the same folder

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